1909 - W.C. Handy writes the "Memphis Blues", which is considered the first blues song ever put down on paper. Memphis adopts the commission form of government.
1911 - The University of Tennessee Medical School merges with the Memphis Hospital Medical College and the College of Physicians and Surgeons.
1912 - A major Mississippi River flood brings high water to downtown Memphis.
1916 - Clarence Saunders opens his first Piggly Wiggly store.
1923 - The Universal Life Insurance Company, one of the largest black-owned insurance companies in the nation, is founded.
1925 - The present Peabody Hotel opens to the public. Tom Lee rescues 32 people when the excursion boat M.E. Norman capsizes in the Mississippi River.
1928 - The Orpheum Theatre opens; replaced Grand Opera House.
1937 - The Mississippi River Great Flood devastates huge area; thousands of homeless brought to Memphis.
1939 - City purchases the local utility company and renames it Memphis Light, Gas & Water Division.
1942 - The Naval Air Station at Millington is built.
1943 - The Army (now Defense) Depot and the Mallory Air Force Depot built.
1948 - Construction on the Memphis Harbor project begins.
1950s - Memphis named the country's quietest, cleanest and safest city on several occasions.
1951 - Tri-State Defender, local black newspaper, begins publication.
1952 - Kemmons Wilson opens his first Holiday Inn on Summer Ave.
1954 - E.H. Crump, Memphis political leader for 45 years, dies. Elvis Presley gives his first concert in Memphis.
1958 - Stax Records, creator of the "Memphis Sound," organized.
1960s - Federal court decisions end segregation in the city's public libraries, schools, parks and recreation facilities.
1962 - St. Jude Children's Research Hospital founded by entertainer Danny Thomas.
1968 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated Apri1 4 at the Lorraine Motel while in Memphis to support the Sanitation Workers' strike.
1972 - Federal Express Corporation organized.
1973 - Busing begins in order to bring about full integration of schools.
1976 - Benjamin L. Hooks elected executive director of the NAACP. Victorian Village named historic district.
1977 - Elvis Presley dies at Graceland on August 16.
1982 - Mud Island Park and River Walk open. Elvis Presley?s Graceland mansion opens to the public.
1983 - Redeveloped Beale Street opens as a tourist attraction. Jesse H. Turner becomes first black to serve as chairman of the Shelby County Board of Commissioners.
1986 - Lighting of the Hernando DeSoto Bridge features 2,000 lights in a giant M.
1987 - Ramesses the Great initiates the Wonders Series.
1990 - World War II Memphis Belle moved to Mud Island.
1991 - Dr. W.W. Herenton elected as city's first black mayor. National Civil Rights Museum and Memphis Pyramid open.
1993 - Downtown trolley begins operation.
1996 - Memphis boasts a Nobel Prize winner and four Olympic gold medalists.
1997 - Memphis gets a Triple-A professional baseball team, the Memphis Redbirds.